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Publication Ethics Code of the Lazarski University Press

All submitted publication proposals have to meet high factual, formal and ethical standards in order to prevent undesirable publishing practices and to take care of issuing reliable high-quality academic works so as to contribute to an international scientific exchange.

The applied principles and regulations are in conformity with guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics, the detailed version of which is available at the website:



I General principles – binding on staff members and co-workers of the Lazarski University Press

  1. Control of ethical standards. The Lazarski University Press University and Publishing Board watch over observation of publishing standards and ethical principles in force, as well as prevent practices inconsistent with adopted standards.

  2. Fair proceeding principle. Race, gender, denomination, origin, citizenship or political beliefs of authors do not have an influence in any way whatsoever on assessment of a given work.

  3. Publication criteria. Only factual opinions of reviewers concerning a scientific value of work, its subject matter, originality of an issue discussed, transparency of disquisition are taken into consideration while accepting works for publication.

  4. Non-disclosure principle. Employees of the Lazarski University Press, members of the Publishing Board, editors, members of scientific boards do not disclose any information on submitted works to unauthorized persons. The following are persons authorized to possess the said information: author, designated reviewers, editors and other persons participating in the publication process.

  5. Counteracting conflicts of interests. Unpublished texts cannot be used by employees of the Lazarski University Press or any other persons taking part in the publication process without written consent of authors.

  6. Verification of already published works and withdrawal of publication. The Lazarski University Press has the right to withdraw a work both during the publication procedure and after publication if:

    1. evidence of non-reliability of research results and/or data falsification has been disclosed, as well as in the case of making serious and unintended mistakes e.g. methodological or in calculations;

    2. plagiarism or a breach of ethical principles (auto-plagiarism; publishing a scientific work under somebody else’s surname; ghost authorship - omission, in a list of authors, of persons who contributed to creation of a work; guest authorship - ascribing authorship to persons who did not contribute to creation of a work or whose contribution in creation thereof was inconsiderable) has been detected;

    3. it proves that research results have been published somewhere else.

II Reviewing principles

  1. Punctuality. A reviewer is obliged to deliver a review within a prescribed deadline. If for any reasons (factual, lack of time, etc.) a reviewer is unable to meet a deadline or undertake to draw up a review, he/she should immediately inform a managing editor about this fact.

  2. Confidentiality. All reviewed works and reviews thereof shall have a confidential nature. Their disclosure to third parties is unacceptable (except persons who participate in the publishing process).

  3. Objectivity. A scientific review must be reliable and accurate, as well as objective. Author’s personal criticism is improper. All remarks of a reviewer should appropriately be justified.

  4. Principle of reliability and accuracy of sources. If necessary, a reviewer should indicate relevant works related to subject matter of a text, not cited by an author. He/she should also indicate and report to the Lazarski University Press any and all significant similarities of a reviewed text to other works.

  5. Principle of counteracting conflicts of interests. A reviewer cannot use a reviewed work for his/her own personal needs and benefits. He/she should not undertake to assess a work either when there may be a conflict of interests with an author. He/she shall sign a declaration on non-occurrence of a conflict of interests between him/her and an author.

III Principles binding on a scientific editor of collective works

  1. Publication criteria. A scientific editor shall choose tests for a collective work based on their scientific value, originality of an issue discussed and clarity of a disquisition.

  2. Principle of scientific reliability and accuracy. A scientific editor shall take care of scientific reliability and accuracy of all texts. To maintain the said scientific reliability and accuracy, he/she may make relevant corrections and other changes. In the case of suspicions of unfair practices (plagiarism, falsification of research results, etc.), he/she is obliged to make a decision on withdrawal of a given work from collective publication.

  3. Authorship principles. All persons mentioned in a submitted collective work as authors or co-authors shall have an actually significant share in creation thereof (project, idea, planning, performance, interpretation of results). Also all persons who had an influence on the final form of a work should be mentioned as co-authors. An obligation to make sure that persons having a contribution in creation of a collective work accept a list of its authors and its final form shall be on the part of a scientific editor submitting it for publication.

  4. Withdrawal of a text. A scientific editor has the right to resign from publication of a collective work at each and every stage if the terms and conditions specified in chapter I point 6 of this document are fulfilled.

IV Principles binding on an author

  1. Scientific reliability and accuracy. An author is obliged to reliably and accurately describe research works performed and to objectively construe results. A work shall include information making it possible to identify sources of data, and to repeat research. Presentation and interpretation of data as well as research results inconsistently with the publishing ethics principles are unacceptable and may result in withdrawal of a given work.

  2. Originality of a work. An author may submit solely own, original texts for publication. Research and/or information of other scientists used in a work should be marked as a quotation. Plagiarism or falsification of data is unacceptable. An author’s declaration on originality of a work is an integral part of a publishing contract.

  3. Date sharing principle. An author, being asked by the Lazarski University Press or Publishing Board for presentation of unprocessed research results used in a work, is obliged to ensure access to such data, also after publication of the work.

  4. Authorship.

    1. authors submitting multi-author works for publication are obliged to disclose a contribution of each of them in creation thereof (with the indication of an affiliation of authors and information on who is an author of a given concept, assumptions, methods, protocol, etc. used in creation of a text);

    2. practices mentioned in chapter I p. 6b of this document are unacceptable. If such evidence of scientific non-reliability and inaccuracy is detected, representatives of the Lazarski University Press, Publishing Board or the University shall benefit from the right to notify competent entities such as institutions which employ an author, scientific societies, associations of scientific editors, etc.

  5. Reliability and accuracy of sources. An author is obliged to mention publications in an attachment bibliography, which have been used by him/her during creation of a work, as well as to mark cited or paraphrased fragments with relevant footnotes.

  6. Principles on mistakes in published works. If an author discovers mistakes or other irregularities in his/her text, he/she is obliged to immediately inform a managing editor about this fact to correct the mistakes in the form of erratum and during next publication.